Here, we talk about cannabis distillates, along with the lengthy process of how to make distillates. And we also provide you with quick and easy ways to answer questions that you might have, such as “Can I use a food-grade spray for my edibles and distillates?” and “How do you make distillate spray?”
What Are Cannabis Distillates?
Cannabis distillates are just among the many forms that allow you to ingest certain naturally occurring compounds of the cannabis plant. And these cannabis distillates usually come in 2 forms: CBD distillates and THC distillates.
These types of distillates are made using a process referred to as distillation. But even though this process is becoming more popular nowadays, new cannabis users should still be wary when using them, as many contain almost nothing but up to 98% pure cannabinoids, according to this report.
But what is a cannabis distillate? It’s a type of cannabis extract that has gone through the process of distillation, as the name suggests. There are many distillation methods, but one of the more popular ones is Short Path Distillation. This method strips cannabis from all of its qualities, except one compound – The cannabis distillate. A distillate doesn’t have that signature aroma, taste, or flavor that comes with cannabis.
And this is the part where things get complex: All cannabis distillates are considered oils. But not all oils are considered distillates. Cannabis oil will only be considered if most of its other compounds have been removed. And even though these distillates lack a cannabis plant naturally occurring flavors, aromas and sometimes even its terpenes, they are still very potent.
And what is the role of cannabis distillate sprays? This 2016 study by research scientists and health experts in the University of Nottingham talks about the oral administration of lipids showing signs of enhancing the tolerance of lab mice to THC and CBD from 2.5 to 3-fold. This was then compared to other cannabis distillate oils that do not contain any lipids.
This means a cannabis-laced edible must contain fat to increase the effectiveness of these cannabis-derived compounds to the body. And that’s where a cannabis distillate spray, or even a food-grade spray, comes in.
How Do You Make Distillate Spray?
Before you can go right ahead and make cannabis distillate to use on edibles, the cannabis plants need to go through 2 processes initially. These are namely winterization and decarboxylation. Afterwards, the whole distillation process can finally start.
The entire process of cannabis begins with distillation. This is the part where you separate the cannabinoids from the cannabis plant.
Extraction is the part where you utilize solvents or other chemicals, including ethanol. These are combined with carbon dioxide, which works as another solvent. Hydrocarbon is also used to extract raw cannabis oil, a form of crude oil.
CBD or THC to mix in crude oil can go from 60 to 80%. If you can, you could also choose to do this process physically by using a rosin press or by sieving. Compared to extracting cannabis oil through solvents, the physical method will only produce more impure cannabis extracts.
This cannabis extract then passes through a second purification process, called winterization. Here, unwanted byproducts from the oil, including fats, lipids, chlorophyll, plant waxes and other contaminants, are removed. This takes place in freezing-cold temperatures.
At this point, the raw cannabis oil will now be combined with ethanol. This mixed solution is now placed inside a cold environment for two days. During this period, the impurities from the oil coagulate together then separate while remaining stuck to the bottom of the mixture.
The mixture will now be filtered, with the impurities from the oil left behind. This will provide you with a pure concentration of cannabis oil extract. A falling film evaporator, or a rotary evaporator, will now be used to take away the ethanol from the mixture, giving you an utterly solvent-free extract.
You may think that the cannabis oil extract will be highly potent at this point, but it’s not – that’s because the extract is still in its acidic form. This is called tetrahydrocannabinolic acid or THCA. And it doesn’t make you high. Heat is significant if you want to change THCA to THC, the psychoactive compound in cannabis that makes you high.
Decarboxylation is the process that gets rid of carboxylic acid from its chemical compounds through heat. Whenever THCA gets taken through decarboxylation, the carboxylic acid (A) is also removed. This results in THC.
But two factors play a significant role in THCA decarboxylation. These are temperature and time. The change starts once the temperatures reach around 220° Fahrenheit or 104° Celsius.
The whole process of decarboxylation lets THC interact with our body’s nervous system, alongside the cannabinoid receptors in the brain, CB1 and CB2. According to this report by the National Center for Biotechnology Information of the U.S, this allows you to gain possible benefits from both the potential psychoactive and medicinal effects that have been said to come with THC.
Though it’s important to remember that THCA isn’t just the only cannabinoid that has to go through this process to give out that desired impact on our bodies. According to this guide, all cannabinoids found in cannabis plants, while inside their raw acidic forms, have to go through decarboxylation. And these cannabinoids include:
- THCVA (tetrahydrocannabivarin acid) 🡪 THCV (tetrahydrocannabivarin)
- CBCA (cannabichromenenic acid) 🡪 CBC (cannabichromene)
- CBCVA (cannabichromevarinic acid) 🡪 CBCV (cannabichromevarin)
- CBGA (cannabigerol acid) 🡪 CBG (cannabigerol)
- CBDVA (cannabidivarinic acid) 🡪 CBDV (cannabidivarin)
- CBDA (cannabidiolic acid) 🡪 CBD (cannabidiol)
- CBDGVA (cannabigerovarinic acid) 🡪 CBGV (cannabigerivarin)
For a quick, efficient, and effective way of distilling cannabis oil extract, you need to purchase or build a cannabis distillation kit.
Distillation is the final step before you can obtain the finished product of pure cannabis oil. This is a purification process that uses vacuum pressure, heat and steam. When combined, this will mix all of the chemical compounds found inside the concentrate and create a cannabinoid distillate that’s pure and highly concentrated.
As the oil goes through the distillation process, all of the flavonoids and terpenes are taken out from the mixture, resulting in nothing but pure cannabinoids.
Meanwhile, the whole process of removing flavonoids and terpenes will require you to carefully monitor the process based on the oil’s boiling point. This can be challenging because each brand or type of cannabis oil has its boiling point. The presence of a vacuum while the oil is being distilled will help you control its temperature, so you no longer have to use high heat for it.
Remember, too much heat can reduce the potency of your cannabis oil. This process can separate the chemical compounds from the oil while removing unwanted materials. This then leaves behind pure 100%, completely refined cannabinoid, now known as cannabis distillate.
Using Food-Grade Spray Guns for Edibles
Common food-grade spray guns, usually found in-home or professional kitchens, can be used as equipment and tools for edible spraying. These types of equipment are usually utilized by pastry chefs in kitchens when decorating or baking food. When you use these tools daily, it’s apparent that you only want to use the best tools when creating edibles, especially if you run a business and want to sell them to please your customers.
After all, edibles are more appealing when they look pleasing to the eye. This is why cannabis edible-makers will sometimes purchase the best food spray guns to use in either a professional laboratory or their home environment.
But what are food spray guns used for, anyway? Aside from decorating edibles or even non-cannabis-laced desserts or appetizers, a food spray gun can save you time when you have plenty of other jobs to do. This tool is perfect for spraying egg wash or oil when you prepare trays and food for cooking or baking. As an edible maker, it’s so much faster to spray cannabis oil distillate on top of a baking tray than just using a standard tool to do it manually.
When you use a food spray gun as a tool for spraying cannabis oil on your edibles, you’ll get a balanced result for your food. Also, the downward-pointing nozzle in most of these food spray guns means that it’s straightforward to use and won’t let you exert too much effort to do so.
These guns also have a focused spray. This can help you limit the potential mess that you might create.
Some companies also give you a box when you purchase a regular food spray gun for your edibles. This serves as a folding spray cabinet. This way, the ingredient you’ll spray on the edible – Whether cannabis oil, regular oil or butter – Will get on the edible or the tray and not anywhere else in the kitchen.
Champ Distillate Spray Gun Price
On using distillate spray guns, we tried out this brand that was quite popular in the market called Champ Distillate Spray Gun. According to product details taken from the Glue Machinery website (Glue Machinery is the company behind the Champ Distillate Spray Gun), the product lets you spray any molten distillate material with the perfect accuracy and speed. It’s pretty low-maintenance as well.
Champ’s distillate spray gun eliminates the need for additives, and it also works as a fantastic Delta 8 spray for cannabis enthusiasts. The product’s handgun is often utilized as a spray to distillate the materials with plenty of accuracy. It’s heated with the proper PID adjustable temperature control compared to the average spray gun, which operates at around 180° Fahrenheit or 80° Celsius.
After purchase, buyers of Champ Distillate Spray Gun receive the following: A spray ring, a tank seal, a removable tank with adapter, and a nozzle. The Glue Machinery website has listed down the required steps to follow for the product to work. These are:
First, add in some compressed air. This is a common requirement of distillate spray guns. And usually, this is 120 V power. But this is also found in 240V models. Its distillate patterns usually measure around 2 to 3 inches wide.
Second, you can melt your distillate, such as cannabis oil, into the gun and then pour it inside a removable tank while inserting it inside or outside the gun. The gun will eventually reheat any unmelted distillate found inside the product’s removable tank during your subsequent use.
Meanwhile, the product itself only takes less than 10 minutes to get to the temperature. Any remaining unmelted distillates found inside the gun’s tank will take 20 minutes for it to melt and get to the right temperature.
Champ Distillate Spray Gun can spray at least 200 grams of cannabis oil distillate in 3 minutes. There’s also a Cartridge Premelter available if you need a higher production rate for spraying on your edibles.
Before using, make sure to check that the gun is pointing downwards. Don’t lay it down, rock it backwards or overfill it with too much distillate.
The cannabis oil distillate found inside the tank lid has to be clean before you can switch it on. Be sure also to extrude a fine bead of distillate from the gun’s nozzle before you install it in its spray cap and try to spray it. You can purchase this at $4500, as of this writing.
What Does a Cannabis Distillate Kit Usually Contain?
Because these cannabis distillates alone won’t cause an Entourage Effect on the body, much like terpene infused Delta 8 THC, you still need to take a couple of additional steps. This ensures that the compounds inside the cannabis leaves are still well-preserved. This includes terpenes, cannabinoids and flavonoids.
You can use a steam distillation and fractionation method, which eliminates all the solvents in the crude oil. And when you buy a cannabis distillation kit, you’ll receive the following:
- Spare parts
- Vacuum pump system
- Cooling units
- Heating items
- Spare containers for product collection
Here is a short and straightforward summary regarding the process of preserving several compounds in cannabis oil distillate, so you can create a product that is entirely effective, potent and pure:
- Remove all terpenes, flavonoids and cannabinoids in the cannabis leaf using a solvent.
- Use heat that goes below 315° Fahrenheit or 157° Celsius. This helps boil off all of the flavonoids and terpenes in the oil.
- Let the steam through the boiling pass through a tube. This is cooled using distilled water meant for cannabis only. The process will help condense the vapor, turning it into liquid. You have now collected all of the flavonoids and terpenes.
- Slowly raise the temperature to boil off the cannabinoids.
- Keep adjusting, then heating the temperature. Let the steam-distilled cannabis oil pass through another pipe, which has been previously cooled by the cannabis distilled water. This will also change the vapor into liquid form. After this, you can now gather up the cannabinoids and add them to a separate fluid.
- Combine the two liquids (the steam-distilled cannabis oil, the flavonoids and the terpenes). And you now have a THC-infused cannabis distillate that is ultimately potent, 100% pure, and, most of all, quite compelling.
Can You Make Homemade Cannabis Edibles with Distillate?
Baking or cooking edibles at home using cannabis distillates is easier than you might think – Although perhaps it’s still not relatively as easy as placing several drops of the oil from a dropper into a brownie mix, like what? It usually happens with regular CBD or THC tincture oils. At the very least, you have to do some stirring.
But luckily, there is already a fool-proof method for you to create some delicious DIY cannabis distillate-infused edibles. And here they are:
- While the distillate is inside the container, please place it in a bowl of hot water to warm up the concentrate. Keep in mind that THC, and other cannabinoids, will start to degrade at around 230° Fahrenheit or 110° Celsius. So you’re advised to check and see if the temperature has a lower level than that.
- Once the distillate starts warming up, you can now measure the cannaoil or cannabutter to your edible recipe’s specifications.
- Place the distillate in a gram inside the butter or oil, then mix it to ensure homogenization. This is a type of process which splits up larger particles into tinier ones and gives a bit of uniformity towards the product itself.
- Put in the distillate oil or butter mixture inside a microwave-safe dish. Heat it to medium temperature for around two minutes to ensure that all of the ingredients are thoroughly combined.
- Once that’s done, your oil is all-set to be infused inside the recipe.
As mentioned earlier, any cannabinoid exposed to a higher temperature will immediately begin to degrade. So, if you’re baking edibles, check to see if the temperature is maintained at around 325° Fahrenheit or 162° Celsius. You can also opt to go a little bit lower than this.
This assures you that you won’t lose the kick that cannabis brings when baking some edibles. But keep in mind, pure cannabis oil distillate is still quite potent, after all.
After making some delicious edibles, you can now find a suitable cannabis oil distillate for your edible-making adventures. Pay a visit to a trusted long-time seller near you to buy a distillate that has been tested for cannabinoid potency, quality and purity.
Also, keep in mind that pure cannabis distillate should come in the form of a viscous oil with a golden sheen and excellent clarity. If the distillate smells or looks funny – Think twice.